Home isolation is the term simply used in context of the COVID-19 positive patients who are asymptomatic or having mild symptoms and eligible to stay at their home during their quarantine.Home isolation in the calm waysto recover.People with mild symptoms generally donot require hospitalisation and recover at home without the support of any advanced medical care.
Central government has issued following guidelines for the home isolation –
What is the eligibility criteria a COVID-19 patient for home isolation?
Patients who have been clinically assigned as mild or asymptomatic can be under home isolation granted only if they have the facility to isolate at home. They should have a caregiver at all times.Elderly patients and those who have conditions that compromise the immune system can isolate at home if the treating physician approves it.
What is the requirements to isolate a COVID-19 patient?
COVID-19 patients should be isolated in a separate room away from their other family members.That room should be well-ventilated. The guidelines say that windows should be kept open to allow fresh air to Come inside the room.
How does facemasks for COVID-19 patients and their caregivers should be used and discarded?
Mask should not be used for over 8 hours and should be discarded if it gets wet or soiled. Patients are directed to wear a triple – layer mask. Caregivers who come in close contact with patients should also wear a mask. Both patients and caregivers can wear N-95 face masks. Before they are discarded, masks should be treated with 1% sodium hypochlorite.
What should be done by COVID-19 patient during home isolation?
Patients are directed to update their treating physician with their condition regularly. Those who have comorbidities should consult a physician before taking additional medicines.
Strict vigilance should be done on fever. If fever is not under control even after the consumption of 650 mg paracetamol four times a day then the patient should seek help from the doctor.
Those who experience breathing difficulty or chest pain and getting SPO2 reading lower than 94 should immediately inform their doctor and take medical help by hospitalizing theirselves.
What is the recommended treatment for patients in home isolation?
Prescribed medicines for mild symptoms are usually as follows-
1• For mild throat infection Azithromycin 500mg once a day
2 • For fever Parcetamol 500mg thrice a day
3 • Multivitamins such as Vitamin B- complex, Vitamin C, Zinc
4 • As immunity booster Sanshamni Vati and AYUSH Kwath once a day
Along with then medicines, patients have also been advised to take steam twice a day or may use warm water to gargle.
Yoga and meditation are also part of prescription to recover speedily.
Do Remdesivir administration allowed at home isolation?
Only the treating physician can take the decision regarding Remdesivir. The latest guidelines say that patients should not be given Remdesivir at home as it must be administered in a hospital setting.
Do patient in home isolation need to be tested again after the quarantine period gets over?
As per the latest guidelines, people do not need to have a repeat test when their home isolation period get over. They can involve back in their families and get back to their work without repeat testing without any fear of infecting others.
All in all, home isolation is the calm way to recover from COVID as you can see your family at your home, they can take care of you by simply following the above said guidelines without any panic.
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