Pinworms Also Known As Threadworms
Pinworms is an intestinal infection caused by tiny parasitic worms named Enterobius vermicularis. These parasites are also termed as seatworms or threadworms, and the infections are medically termed as enterobiasis, oxyuriasis or helminthiasis. It’s a common infection that affects millions of people each year, particularly school age kids.These worms feed off of the host animal by adsorbing nutrients from the host animal.Pin worms are swell, thin, pin-shaped worms that sometimes live in the human colon and rectum. They are also called threadworms.They are about 1/4 to 1/2 inch long- about the size of a staple. The female pinworms do their work while you sleep. They leave the intestine through
your anus and deposit their eggs on the surrounding skin.
If symptoms are present, they are similar in both children and adults. The signs and symptoms may include one or more of the following –
• Intense itching around the anus or vagina
• Rash or skin irritation around the anus or vagina
• Insomnia or difficulty sleeping or restlessness due to irritation of the skin.
• Pinworms often can be seen on the anal skin or in the stools, sometimes detected in the vagina and may produce some vaginal discharge.
Less common symptoms include –
• Abdominal pain
• Secondary bacterial infections from intense skin scratching
• Infrequent infection of the ureters or bladder may cause dysuria or bladder discomfort
Many infected children and adults have few or no symptoms, but if the infection is heavy, the symptoms can be correspondingly more intense.
Pinworms infections are highly contagious. You become infected with pin worms by unintentionally ingesting or inhaling pinworm eggs.
These eggs are usually deposited on to a surface or object by a person who’s been infected. The cycle of infection begins with the ingestion of these microscopic eggs.
Once the eggs enter your body, they remain in the intestine until they hatch and mature. As adults, the female pinworms move into the colon and exit the body through the anus at night.
Female pinworms lay eggs in the folds of skin around the anus and then return to t
he colon. The presence of these eggs often causes anal itching and irritation
When a person scratches the affected area, the pin worm eggs transfer to the fingers. The eggs can survive for several hours on your hands.
If a person who’s been infected touches household objects like bedding, clothing, toilet seats or toys, the eggs will transfer to these objects. Pinworm eggs can survive on these contaminated surfaces for up to 3 weeks.
Children transfer pinworm eggs easily because they may put infected toy or other objects directly into their mouths. The eggs can also transfer from contaminated fingers directly to food or liquids.
Pinworms generally live for up to 13 weeks. Scratching an affected area can lead to unintentional ingestion, which can lead to reinfection and a restart of the entire pinworm life process.
Sometimes, eggs on the anus can hatch and the pinworm larvae can reinfect the intestine that they came from. This can cause an infection to continue indefinitely if it’s not treated.
While anyone can get a pinworm infection, the following groups are more susceptible –
• Children who attend day care, preschool, or elementary school
• family members or caregivers of people who have been infected
• Children or adults who don’t practice regular and careful handwashing prior to eating
• Children who have a habit of sucking their sucking their thumbs
• Individuals who live in institutions other crowded accomodations, such as dormitories
Typical pinworm infections don’t cause serious problems. In rare circumstances, heavy infestations can cause infection of female genitals called vulvovaginitis.
Although rare, other complications of a pinworm infection may include –
• Urinary tract infections
• Weight loss
• Infection of part of the abdomen (peritoneal cavity)
• Bacterial infection from scratching the anal area
• Wash your anal area properly in the morning
• Change underwear and bedding daily
• Launder in hot water
• Don’t scratch anal area
• Wash your hands properly
If pinworms are suspected transparent, adhesive tape or a pinworm paddle are applied to the anal region. The eggs adhere to the sticky tape or paddle and are identified by examination under a microscope. The test is sometimes referred to as” the tape test”.This test should be done as soon as the patient wakes up – before he/she use the bathroom, shower or get dressed.
Following medications are available as option to kill the worms-
You may need to take at least two doses to get rid of the worms completely.For best results, treat the infected person and everyone in your house at the same time.
Ayurvedic Perspective –
In Ayurveda worms infestation are included in Krimi Roga. Pinworms comes under type of worms called Purishaja Krimi, in Ayurveda.
• Ajwain –
• Carrots juice –
• Bitter Gourd juice –
• Papaya –
• Pumpkin Seeds-
• Karanja –
• Vidanga –
Effective Medications –
• Vidangadi lauh
• Krimikuthar Ras
• Palashbeeja Churna
• Bilvadi Gutika
• Hingwashtaka churna
• Praval panchamrit
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