Menstruation is monthly cycle flow of blood for average of 3-5 days from the vagina of female from the average age of 12-50 yr of female. As it remains in this cycle it is alright but whenever it gets disturb problems start arising . When periods gets scanty and painful, it is called Dysmenorrhoea. Normally menstrual cycle of a female is 28 days of it start coming before or after this time a female should become attentive that something is getting wrong with her and she should not avoid that.
In today’s context where women are doing soo much stress in family level as well as being working at their work places also ,due to which their physical as well as mental health affects soo much but as of their shy nature or off being busy in soo much other responsibilities she used to avoid her problems many a times which later on come out with big problems which sometimes are hard to handle as it becomes soo late to treat. So female need to learn about small things about their physical changes or coming abnormalities so that they can judge theirselves that they need to go out for treatment. In this chain here we start from females common problem Menstruation.
One more thing comes with menstrual cycle is muscle spasm that more or less mostly women feel pre menstruation and also some females feel that muscular spasm during the flow of blood in menstruation also ..which we call in medical terms Dysmenorrhoea.
1) Primary Dysmenorrhoea –
It is the most common type of painful periods in adolescent girls and disappear as one grows into adulthood. It may starts with onset of a period but rarely persists beyond 48 hours after the onset of menstruation. This occurs where there is no underlying problem of the womb or pelvis.
2) Secondary Dysmenorrhoea –
It is the pain caused by a problem of the womb or pelvis .This is less common and is more likely to occur in women in their 30s and 40s. If you have other symptoms like
• Irregular periods
• Bleeding between periods
• Pain between periods
• Bleeding becomes heavier than previously
• Pain during sex
• Pain in your back passage ( rectum)
You should see to your doctor for such type of symptoms for further investigation and treatment .
Ayurvedic Perspective –
In Ayurvedic texts Dysmenorrhoea is basically due to vata .This vata vikara occurs due to Margavarodha means some obstruction (Apan vayu) comes in incoming flow of blood which causes muscle spasm that comes out in form of pain. Secondly Dysmenorrhoea occurs due to Dhatukshaya which cause vatavriddhi due to which Rukshata and Kharta increases and becomes reason of pain. Due to Dhatukshaya hypoplastic uterus and scantiness of Raja and Artava also happens.
Main principle of treatment of Dysmenorrhoea is elimination of the causative factor i.e. Vayu.
Some herbs –
Some medications –
- Decoction of Dashmool
- Rajpravartini vati
- Pinda sweda
- Medicated oils for internal use – Bala Taila
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