Green Nail Syndrome
Green Nail Syndrome, also known as Chloronychia, is a nail disorder characterized by the greenish discoloration of nails.
Green Nail Syndrome is a condition where nails, typically on the fingers but occasionally on the toes, develop a greenish hue due to bacterial or fungal infections. This condition may not be serious, but it can be aesthetically concerning and sometimes painful.
• Green Discoloration: The most apparent symptom is the greenish or bluish-green color of the affected nails.
• Thickening: Infected nails may become thicker, making them appear irregular.
• Brittleness: Nails can become brittle, making them prone to splitting.
• Pain and Swelling: In some cases, the area around the affected nail may become painful or swollen.
• Foul Odor: There may be a foul odor emanating from the infected nail.
• Acute: A sudden onset of green discoloration due to bacterial or fungal infection.
• Chronic: Recurring or long-lasting green nails, often seen in individuals with underlying health issues.
• Bacterial Infection: Most commonly, Green Nail Syndrome is caused by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria.
• Fungal Infection: Fungal organisms, such as Candida, can also lead to this condition.
• Trauma: Nails that have been injured or damaged are more susceptible to infection.
• Prolonged Moisture Exposure: Frequently immersing nails in water or having them in a moist environment can facilitate bacterial or fungal growth.
Risk Factors –
• Nail Injuries: Accidents or trauma to the nails increase the risk of infection.
• Immunosuppression: Weakened immune systems, due to conditions like HIV or immunosuppressive medications, can make individuals more susceptible.
• Swimming: Frequent swimming, especially in poorly maintained pools, can expose nails to bacteria.
• Nail-Biting or Finger Sucking: These habits can introduce bacteria into the nail bed.
• Secondary Infections: If left untreated, Green Nail Syndrome can lead to more severe infections or spread to other nails.
• Permanent Nail Damage: Chronic cases can cause permanent nail deformities.
• Pain and Discomfort: In some instances, the condition may become painful and discomforting.
• Clinical Examination: A healthcare provider will examine the affected nails to assess the extent of discoloration and any associated symptoms.
• Nail Culture: In cases where the cause is unclear or for chronic infections, a nail sample may be cultured to identify the specific bacteria or fungus responsible.
• Topical Antibiotics: For mild cases, topical antibiotics like Neosporin can be applied to the affected nail.
• Oral Antibiotics: In more severe cases, oral antibiotics may be prescribed to combat the infection.
• Antifungal Medications: If the cause is fungal, antifungal medications such as Terbinafine and itraconazole are the 2 medicines most commonly prescribed for fungal nail infections. These usually need to be taken once or twice a day for several months to ensure the infection has completely cleared up.
• Nail Care: Proper nail hygiene, including keeping nails clean and dry, is essential.
• Avoiding Moisture: Reducing nail exposure to excessive moisture can prevent recurrence.
• Protective Measures: Wearing gloves while doing wet work can help prevent infections.
▪︎ Some useful external medications –
• Jatyadi tail
• Roopan oil
• Neem oil
• Sarjaras malam / Kailas Jeevan cream
Green Nail Syndrome, though often not serious, can be bothersome and affect the appearance and health of nails. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are key to managing this condition effectively. Maintaining good nail hygiene and avoiding situations that increase the risk of infection can go a long way in preventing Green Nail Syndrome.
For more informative articles on other health related issues, please visit our website www.santripty.com and also YouTube channel https://youtube.com/@santripty and feel free to consult with our experienced team of doctors, get benefits and stay healthy.