Guggulu, also known as Indian bdellium or Commiphora mukul, is a highly valued resinous substance that has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine. It possesses a rich history and a wide range of therapeutic applications, making it a prominent component of traditional medicine.
Physical Appearance –
Guggulu is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that grows in arid regions of India, particularly in Rajasthan and Gujarat. The botanical name for guggulu is Commiphora mukul, and it belongs to the family Burseraceae. The tree features thorny branches and leaves with three leaflets. Guggulu resin, which is the primary part used for medicinal purposes, is obtained by making incisions in the bark and collecting the oozing sap, which solidifies into small yellowish-brown or blackish-brown droplets.
The dosage varies depending on the specific health condition and the formulation used. In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, guggulu is commonly prescribed in the form of tablets, powders, or decoctions. The recommended dosage ranges from 500 mg to 3 grams per day, divided into two or three doses.
• Guggulu Powder – 2-4 pinch powder twice a day.
• Guggulu Tablet – 1-2 tablets once or twice a day.
• Guggulu Capsule – 1-2 Capsules once or twice a day.
It has been widely recognized for its therapeutic benefits in Ayurvedic medicine. Some of the key benefits include:
• Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties:
Guggulu exhibits potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, making it beneficial in the management of joint pain, arthritis, and various inflammatory conditions.
• Cholesterol-lowering effects:
Guggulu has been found to reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol levels while increasing HDL (good) cholesterol levels. This lipid-lowering effect contributes to its usefulness in managing high cholesterol and improving cardiovascular health.
• Weight management:
It has been traditionally used to support weight management. It helps in boosting metabolism, enhancing fat metabolism, and reducing body weight.
• Thyroid disorders:
Guggulu has been found to regulate thyroid function and may be beneficial in the management of hypothyroidism. It supports the production of thyroid hormones and helps maintain a healthy balance.
• Skin health:
Guggulu possesses antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial for various skin conditions like acne, eczema, and wounds. It aids in wound healing and promotes healthy skin.
Side Effects –
While guggulu is generally safe for most people when taken in recommended dosages, there are a few precautions to
• In Ayurveda, it is mentioned that when raw guggul is used, it may sometimes cause diarrhoea, skin rashes, headache, mild nausea, or irregular menstruation.
• When guggul is taken at high doses, it may also cause liver toxicity (liver damage).
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