Shyonak or Sona Patha is an effective Ayurveda medicinal herb. It is one among Dashamoola. It’s botanical name is Oroxylum indicum which belongs to Bignoniaceae family. It is found in the warmer parts of India (up to 1000 m of height) also cultivated as an avenue tree. Shyonaka is Kapha-vatahara in nature. The tree is often grown as an ornamental for its strange appearance. This is a night blooming tree with glossy green leaves accented by tall spikes of flower clusters that begin their bloom cycle in a brilliant purple-red color turning to yellow as the flower ages. It is also known as Indian trumpet tree, midnight horror and broken bones plant.
Chemical Constituents –
Baicalein, Tetuin, Oroxindin, aloe-emodin, Chrysin, 6 methylether of baicalein= oroxylium A; p-coumaric acid, scutellarein-7- rutinoside, prunetin, B-sitosterol etc.
Part used –
Root bark and fruit of Shyonak are used for medicinal purposes.
Its leaves and stem are edible.
• Powder 3-6 g
• Water decoction – decoction 40-80 ml
• Ghana satva (water extract) – upto one gram, in divided dose, per day.
• It’s root and stem bark is used as single drug specifically in sotha(inflammation) in liver diseases such as jaundice, hepatitis etc.
• It is one of the best herbs to treat urinary tract disorders.
• It is useful in rheumatoid Arthritis.
• It is useful in diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
• It improves digestion strength and improves anorexia.
• It gives good results in cold, cough.
• It is useful in fever due to Vata, Pitta and Kapha Dosha imbalance.
• It’s fruit cleanses and detoxifies blood, used in gynecological disorders and childhood psychological disorders.
Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
• Citraka Harītakī
• Dhanvantaram tailam
• Totla kwath
Side effects –
Shyonak has no known side effects. Safe to use in lactation period and in children. To be used only under medical supervision during pregnancy.
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