According to Ayurveda infertility actually refers to the biological inability of a woman of reproductive age to contribute to conception. According to Modern science Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without using any contraception method.
The problem of infertility is now a days becoming a serious setback for the married couples who want to start their family desparetely but still after regular try also they get on no results which make them so frustrated that their married life also get disturbed. As everyone who want their family can’t afford the cost of treatment so we must need to find some affordable and less complicated ways for the needy couples. Ayurvedic background about importance of treatment of infertility is fully explored in ancient literature Atharvaveda.
Causes of Infertility-
Infertility may be due to male or female factors.Causes of infertility in woman include ovarian factors , tubal factors , age- related factors , uterine problems , PCOS , endometriosis etc. Menstrual cycle can be affected by many factors such as diet , emotional instability, excessive physical exercise, life style and stress responsible for creating an imbalance of the Doshas.
Male infertility is usually caused by problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport which includes varicocele, infections, ejaculation problems , tumours, hormone imbalances etc.
According to Ayurveda main cause of any abnormal function in body is Agnimandhya (vitiation of digestive fire of body) and Tridosha Dushtu (vitiation of three Doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha).
Ayurveda supports health by strengthening body’s own self- healing and balancing mechanism .It focuses on the treatment of infertility holistically with an aim of improving the overall health and quality of life of the individual.
Diet play a vital role in the prevention and cure of diseases as diet balances Doshas which are main cause of ill-health. Food has been compared to God in the ancient Indian Scriptures since it is the main factor for sustaining and nourishing life.
Dietary management involves strict compliance and adherence to foods that increase Ojas and to avoid the substances which diminish the Ojas. Ojas is an intersection factor of physical , mental and spiritual health of the body, responsible for overall health , energy and liveliness. This is important to regulate ovulation and enhances fertilization. Eating whole foods provides all nutrients for the health of the body in addition to the fibres that influences hormonal level of the body. Foods such as processed carbohydrates , excess starch, antibiotic and hormone laden meat and milk and canned destroys fertility.
Ojas building food includes milk , ghee, nuts, sesame seeds, dates, pumpkin seeds, honey, saffron and avacados,fresh organic fruits and vegetables, protein from plant sources like beans and peas, sweet whole grains, spices such as ajwain powder, turmeric , cumin and black cumin boost infertility.
Diet should be free from Trans-fats as they block arteries, threaten fertility and harm the heart and blood vessels, therefore such type of food must be avoided. Foods containing preservatives and other chemicals like artificial sweeteners, Monosodium Glutamate (MSG), diet high in fat and other artificial flavours and colours, excess alcohol , caffeine, tobacco, soda, smoking, red meat, refined carbohydrates such as pasta, white bread, rice etc should be avoided.
1)Agnidipana and Amapachana-
Ama formation (Toxins created when undigested food forms in stomach)by the imbalance in Agni lead to many diseases, therefore the treatment of Ama must always include the treatment of Agni , including the use of digestive and carminative Ayurvedic formulations, eating meals at proper time following an appropriate schedule. Ayurveda Panchkarma treatment help to eliminate Ama that corrects Agni .
The main disha involved in infertility is Vata that’s why Vatanulomana (correcting the functions of Vata) is very important to acheive fertility results. Ayurvedic formulations, following routine exercises and strict diet schedule will help in Vatanulomana.
Suitable sneha-swedas are done prior to sodhana then treatment ways like Vamana, Virechana, Vasti, Utarvasti as per the condition of the patient. The detoxification therapy helps in the expulsion of the toxins from the body. These therapies help to treat ovarian, tubular and uterine problems causing Infertility.
Ayurveda treatment help in releasing tension and removing impurities from the body . They nourish the body , revitalize the mind and strengthen the immune system. They are beneficial in reducing stress, nourishing all dhatus of the body and pacifying Vata.
The most commonly known used herbs such as Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Amalaki(Emblica officinalis) are extremely useful formulations which help in creating the synergistic hormonal balance between the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and lutenising hormone (LH). No individual herb alone is considered useful to promote fertility therefore , a combination of herbs is used in the treatment of infertility with the purpose of correcting an organic or functional problem that causes infertility.
The right combination of herbs helps in regulating menstrual cycles, enhancing general health and wellness, revitalising sperm, reducing stress,enhancing sleep, controlling anxiety and increasing energy level, balancing the endocrine system and improving blood flow in pelvic cavity, there by promoting fertility.
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