Vitamin B2 Deficiency
Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is essential for maintaining good health. It is involved in many processes in the body, including energy production, metabolism, and the maintenance of healthy skin, eyes, and nervous system. Vitamin B2 deficiency or Riboflavin deficiency can cause fatigue, swollen throat, blurred vision, and depression. It can affect the skin by causing skin crack, itching, and dermatitis around the mouth.
There are several symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency in adults as well as children. Some of them are as follows:
- Visible cracks at the corners of the mouth, also known as angular cheilitis.
- Cracked lips, dry lips and other skin deformities.
- Inflammation of tongue and lining of the mouth.
- Mouth ulcers.
- Red lips.
- Sore throat.
- Scrotal dermatitis.
- Anaemic conditions.
- Fluid accumulation in mucous membranes.
- Itchy, watery and bloodshot eyes.
Other severe symptoms like degeneration of the liver and nervous system and improper metabolism of other B vitamins indicate Riboflavin deficiency diseases.
The most common cause of vitamin B2 deficiency is inadequate dietary intake.
Other causes include –
• malabsorption syndromes
• certain medications.
The diagnosis of vitamin B2 deficiency is based on a physical exam, medical history, and blood tests to measure riboflavin levels.
Treatment for vitamin B2 deficiency typically involves increasing the intake of foods rich in this vitamin or taking vitamin B2 supplements. In some cases, underlying medical conditions may need to be addressed to improve absorption of the vitamin.
Sources of Vitamin B2 –
Good sources of vitamin B2 include milk, cheese, eggs, lean meats, green leafy vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. Some cereals and other foods are also fortified with vitamin B2.
To prevent vitamin B2 deficiency, it is important to consume a well-balanced diet that includes foods rich in this vitamin, such as dairy products, lean meats, leafy green vegetables, and whole grains.
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