Walnuts are a wrinkly, globe-like nut that is the fruit of the walnut tree. Walnut trees have long compound leaves with 5 to 23 short-stalked leaflets. The male and female reproductive organs are borne in different petal-less flower clusters, known as catkins, on the same tree. The twigs characteristically contain a many-chambered pith. The fruit is not a true botanical nut: it is a drupe with the edible seed (commonly called a nut) enclosed in a shell within a thick.A walnut is the edible seed of any tree of the genus Juglans, particularly the Persian or English walnut, whose botanical name is Juglans regia offamily Juglandaceae.
Nutritional Value –
Walnuts without shells are 4% water, 15% protein, 65% fat, and 14% carbohydrates, including 7% dietary fiber (table). In a 100-gram reference serving, walnuts provide 2,740 kilojoules (654 kcal) and rich content (20% or more of the Daily Value or DV) of several dietary minerals, particularly manganese at 163% DV, and B vitamins.
• Heart Health
Walnuts are an excellent source of antioxidants that can help fight oxidative damage in your body, including damage due to “bad” LDL cholesterol, which promotes atherosclerosis.
Walnuts are a good source of the plant form of omega-3 fat, which may help reduce heart disease risk.
• Anti-inflammatory Action
Inflammation is at the root of many diseases, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and cancer, and can be caused by oxidative stress.The polyphenols in walnuts can help fight this oxidative stress and inflammation.
• Brain Functioning
The shell of a walnut looks like a tiny brain, which contain nutrients that may help protect your brain from damaging inflammation and support good brain function as you age.
• Healthy Gut
Eating walnuts not only nourishes you but also the beneficial bacteria that live in your gut. This promotes the health of your gut and may help reduce disease risk.
Eating walnuts may help control type 2 diabetes and reduce your risk of the disease, as the nut may help control your weight. Walnuts might have more direct effects on blood sugar control as well.
• Improves Sperm Quality
Eating walnuts regularly may help counteract potential harmful effects of less-than-ideal eating habits on sperm health like sperm shape, vitality and motility.
• Healthy Ageing
Though high in calories, walnuts are packed with essential vitamins, minerals, fiber, fats and plant compounds that may help support good physical functioning as you age.
• Prevent Cancer
The polyphenols in walnuts may reduce your risk of certain cancers, including breast, prostate and colorectal cancers
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