Eucalyptus is a tree that typically grows to a height of 45 m (148 ft) but may sometimes only be a stunted shrub, or alternatively under ideal conditions can grow as tall as 90–100 m (300–330 ft). It is commonly known as southern blue gum or blue gum, is a species of tall, evergreen tree endemic to southeastern Australia. It is also called fever tree in English and Safeda & Nilgiri in Hindi. It’s botanical name is Eucalyptus globulus which belongs to Myrtaceae family.
The bark is usually smooth, white to cream-coloured but there are sometimes slabs of persistent, unshed bark at the base. Adult leaves are arranged alternately, the same glossy to dark green on both sides, lance-shaped or curved. The flower buds are arranged singly or in groups of three or seven in leaf axils.The fruit is a woody conical or hemispherical capsule with the valves close to rim level.
Chemical Constituents –
The main ingredient responsible for its properties is eucalyptol, also known as cineole, which is a compound found in eucalyptus oil.
Parts Used –
• The leaves are steam distilled to extract eucalyptus oil.
• Eucalyptus leaves are used as a herbal tea.
How to use it?
It can be used in a variety of ways, including:
• Tea. Use tea bags made from ground eucalyptus leaves.
• Aromatherapy. Add a few drops of eucalyptus essential oil to a diffuser or steam bowl.
• Whole leaves. Hang the leaves in your shower or add them to your bath for a relaxing spa-like experience.
• Bug repellent. Purchase or make a bug repellent with lemon eucalyptus essential oil.
• Topical. Add a few drops of eucalyptus oil into a carrier oil, such as fractionated coconut oil, and apply it to your chest to ease congestion.
Many over-the-counter products also contain eucalyptus, such as mouthwash, vapor rub, and chewing gum.
• Cold and fever
This medicinal plant has unique features which relieve symptoms of common cold, influenza, and viral fever. Moreover, it acts as a herbal medicine where people use the leaves in a gargle. Besides, it is beneficial for sore throat, sinusitis, and bronchitis. At the same time, eucalyptus oil vapor is very fruitful for colds and bronchitis.
• Dry Skin
Using eucalyptus may improve dry skin by increasing its ceramide content.Those who experience dry skin, dandruff, or skin disorders like dermatitis and psoriasis usually have lower ceramide levels.Topical eucalyptus leaf extract has been found to boost skin ceramide production, water-holding capacity, and skin barrier protection.
• Dental Health
Chewing gum with eucalyptus leaf extract has been found to significantly decrease plaque buildup on teeth and signs of gum disease. It’s added to many types of mouthwash and other oral health products.
• Muscular & joint pain
As known to reduce pain and relax muscles, it’s ointments can be applied to the painful spot for a quick relief.
• Cuts & burns
As an antiseptic, eucalyptus oil can be used topically to reduce the risk of infection and induce the healing.
Eucalyptus oil is often used as a stress and fatigue remedy. It can relax and stimulate a better feeling overall. That is why eucalyptus oil has long become a staple in SPAs and massage salons. The distinct scent can also be used during meditations and on pillows, as it helps reach deep relaxation and peace of mind.
• The leaves should not be used on the eyes, or it will create a burning sensation.
• Do not consume the oil orally because it can be poisonous.
• Do not consume any leaves of the plant during pregnancy.
• The various side effects of direct consuming leaves may cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach upset.
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