Gambhari, popularly known as Beechwood is a well-known bitter tonic that is chiefly used for treating Vata and Pitta abnormalities. It is a large, deciduous tree that is native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It holds significant importance in traditional medicine systems like Ayurveda and Siddha due to its various medicinal properties.Prized for being one of the ten Dashamoolas (group of ten medicinal herbs), Gambhari is bestowed with extensive pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties. The tree is known for its sturdy wood and has been used in carpentry and furniture making. Gambhari is also known by the name Kashmari. The botanical name of Gambhari is Gmelina arborea whichbelongs to Verbenaceae family.
Physical Appearance –
Gambhari is a tall tree that can reach heights of up to 30 meters (approximately 100 feet). It has a straight, cylindrical trunk with a smooth, grayish-brown bark. The leaves are simple, oppositely arranged, and have an elliptical shape. The tree produces yellowish-white flowers in dense, drooping clusters, and its fruit is a small drupe containing several seeds.
Part Used –
The most commonly used part of the Gambhari tree for medicinal purposes is its bark.
Dosage and Preparation –
The dosage and preparation of Gambhari vary depending on the form in which it is used and the specific condition being treated. As with any herbal remedy, it is essential to consult a qualified healthcare practitioner or an Ayurvedic expert to determine the appropriate dosage and preparation for individual needs.
• Churna/Powder: 2-3 gm alongside water, twice a day, or as recommended by the doctor.
• Kashayam/ Decoction: 50-100 ml, or as recommended by the doctor.
• Digestive Health: Gambhari is believed to have digestive properties and may help improve digestion and alleviate issues like indigestion, flatulence, and abdominal pain.
• Anti-inflammatory Effects: The bark of Gambhari exhibits anti-inflammatory properties, which could be beneficial in reducing inflammation in various parts of the body.
• Urinary Disorders: In traditional medicine, Gambhari has been used to address urinary problems like urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
• Respiratory Support: It is believed to be useful in managing respiratory conditions like asthma and bronchitis.
• Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties: Gambhari has demonstrated antibacterial and antifungal activity in some studies, making it potentially useful in combating certain infections.
• Wound Healing: The application of Gambhari paste or oil may aid in wound healing and provide relief from skin-related issues.
• Cardiac Functioning: Gambhari is extremely beneficial in treating various heart ailments owing to its strong antioxidative nature. It fortifies the heart muscles and diminishes lipid build-up in the blood vessels. The cardiotonic property of the herb reduces the risk of heart attacks, heart blocks, blood clots, etc. Additionally, it also plays a crucial role in lowering the levels of cholesterol in the blood.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid the use of Gambhari without consulting a healthcare professional, as its safety during these periods is not well-established.
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