Priyangu is an Ayurvedic coolant herb. It is an erect, 1.2- 2.4 m high shrub. The fruit is a berry which is 2-3 mm in diameter and pink-purplish colour with glossy surface. Flower 0.5 cm long; brown, calyx, bell-shaped, 4 toothed covered with wooly hairs.
The fruit is edible and can be eaten raw when it ripens. The seeds are poisonous. The leaves can also be used to make a herbal drink or as decorations.
It’s botanical name is Callicarpa macrophylla which belongs to Family Verbenaceae. Some common names of Priyangu in Sanskrit are Phalini, Vanita etc. In English it is known by the names Perfumed Cherry & Beauty berry.
Chemical Constituents –
Priyangu contains Glycosides, Terpenes, Phenolic compound, Resin and Saponins. It also contains- Calliterpenone, Calliterpenone monoacetate, Callicarpenol, luteolin, apigenin , betasitosterol and its beta-D-glucoside, oleonolic acid and betulinic acids.
Part used –
Flower, Bark, Leaves & Root are the parts of Priyangu that can be used for medicinal purposes.
• Powder- 3 to 5 g
• Decoction- 30 to 40 ml
• The glue of the bark is applied over brow to treat migraine.
• The powder of the bark of Priyangu is utilized for focusing on the gums to treat gum disease and utilized face pack to improve the appearance of the face.
• The powder of the bark is utilized as cleaning powder to control the seeping from wounds.
• Priyangu is an excellent herb to arrest internal bleeding. It is mainly used in Ayurveda for treating bleeding disorders caused due to Pitta imbalance.The decoction of the bark of Priyangu is given in a portion of 30-40 ml to stop inside seeping, e.g. peptic ulcer, interior piles.
• The cool implantation of the bark of Priyangu is given in a portion of 50 ml to treat fever. It is well-known for its cooling actions in Ayurveda. It can be used to control fever and cool the body from any burning sensation.
• The glue of the bark is applied remotely to treat skin illnesses. Applying the bark powder on the face and skin lightens the skin tone and provides relief from acne and pimples.
• The chilly mixture of the bark or root is given in a portion of 40 ml which goes about as blood purifier.
• Grinding Priyangu seeds or flowers and applying it, is beneficial in leprosy. It helps in improving the symptoms of leprosy.
• Priyangu is loaded with antioxidants that protect the body from the effect of harmful free radicals. The dried powder of Priyangu along with milk helps in boosting immunity and improving the overall strength of the body.
• The anti-inflammatory properties of this herb help in reducing the inflammation in the joints. All you need to do is to rub the oil obtained from Callicarpa macrophylla leaves over the affected area.
Ayurvedic medicines containing Priyangu –
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