Tejpatra is a tree native to India, China, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. Tejpatra is a small tree growing to a height of 20-30 feet and is seen all over South India and Sri Lanka in the temperate climate. The tree bears aromatic leaves which are used for medical and culinary purpose. It gives a warm, peppery, clove-cinnamon like flavor to food. Botanical name of Tejpatra is Cinnamomum tamala and it belongs to Lauraceae family. It is also known as Indian Bay Leaf.
Chemical Composition –
The oil from bark contains cinnamaldehyde (70–85%) as major constituent.
In essential oil from the leaves, mostly monoterpenoides were found. Linalool [50%] is a major compound.α-pinene, p- cymene and limonene range around 5 – 10% each.
Parts Used –
Leaf, Bark and Oil of Tejpatra are the used parts of this plant. Leaves of Tejpatra cannot be consumed directly due to its bitter taste, but can be used as a flavoring agent in a number of dishes.
• Bark powder- 1 to 3 g
• Leaf powder- 1 to 3 g
• Oil – 2 to 5 drops
• Widely used in the treatment of diabetes, which regulates the blood glucose levels, cholesterol and triglycerides.
• It promotes digestion and treats digestive disorders like bloating, flatulence and heartburn.
• The tea made from Tejpatra can relieve constipation, acid reflux and irregular bowel movements.
• The leaf provides protection against cardiovascular diseases and prevent strokes or heart attacks.
• Used to treating cold, cough, flu, infections and other respiratory problems.
• The oil extracted from this plant is very useful in relieving pain from sprains, strains, arthritis, rheumatism, general pains or aches.
• The oil massage of temples helps to relieve migraine headaches.
• Very beneficial during the preconception period and to treat menstrual problems.
• It induces good sleep and is used to treat nosebleed, dental care and treatment of hair loss
Side Effects –
Increased use of Tejpatra can cause hyperacidity and oral ulcers.
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