Jamun is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant genus. A slow growing species, it can reach heights of up to 30 m and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is grown just for its ornamental value. At the base of the tree, the bark is rough and dark grey, becoming lighter grey and smoother higher up. The wood is water resistant. The flowers are fragrant and small, about 5 mm in diameter. The fruits develop by May or June and resemble large berries; the fruit of Syzygium species is described as “drupaceous”.The fruit is oblong, ovoid. Unripe fruit looks green. As it matures, its color changes to pink, then to shining crimson red and finally to black color.
It’s botanical name is Syzygium cumini which belongs to Myrtaceae family.
Nutritional Content –
Jamun is a powerhouse of various nutritional components. It is loaded with a spectrum of vitamins including vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron, fibre, magnesium, potassium, glucose, protein, carbohydrates and other essential nutrients.
Parts Used –
The following parts of jamun can be used:
• Jamun stem bark
• Jamun seeds
• Jamun fruit pulp
• Jamun leaves
• Jamun kernels
• Jamun Juice – 3-4 teaspoon once a day.
• Jamun Churna – ¼- ½ teaspoon twice a day
• Jamun Capsule – 1-2 capsules twice a day.
• Jamun Tablet – 1-2 tablets twice a day.
Jamun is popular as a highly effective fruit while fighting against diabetes. The seeds of the fruit have active ingredients called jamboline and jambosine that slow down the rate of sugar released into the blood and increases the insulin levels in the body. It converts starch into energy and reduces the symptoms of diabetes such as frequent urination and thrusting.
• Heart Health
Jamun is laden with high amounts of potassium. It is extremely beneficial in keeping heart related ailments at a bay. Regular consumption of Jamun prevents hardening of arteries which leads to atherosclerosis, reduces the various symptoms of high blood pressure thereby controlling hypertension and prevents strokes and cardiac arrests.
• Weight Loss
Being low on calories and high on fibre, makes Jamun an ideal fruit in all weight loss diets and recipes. It improves your digestion and the pharmacological properties help in minimizing water retention besides boosting body metabolism, satiating your hunger and gives you a feeling of fullness.
• Oral Hygiene
Dried and powdered leaves of Jamun have anti-bacterial properties and is used as a tooth powder for strengthening teeth and gums.
The fruit and leaves possess strong astringent properties, making it highly effective against throat problems and in eliminating bad breath. The decoction of the bark can be used as a mouth wash or gargled regularly to prevent mouth ulceration and gingivitis.
• Radiant Skin
Drinking Jamun juice regularly gives you a healthy, glowing skin. It detoxifies and purifies the blood and makes your skin glow from inside. The high index of Vitamin -C blesses you with a blemish free radiant skin.
Owing to the potent detoxifying properties, jamun extract is extremely beneficial in purifying the blood. By cleansing the blood, it improves blood circulation and also helps to remove the toxins and stress hormone from the bloodstream. Additionally, the abundance of iron makes it a natural remedy for anaemia and also provides relief from body weakness and fatigue.
• Respiratory Diseases
Having powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-biotic, and anti-asthmatic properties, the fruit extract plays a quintessential role in treating the common cold, cough and flu symptoms. It also thins and loosens catarrh particles within the chest and nasal cavities and hence eases breathing and helps the body to get rid of mucus. It is also beneficial in treating bronchitis and asthmatic conditions.
• Enhances Libido
Jamun offers a one-shot traditional remedy for boosting libido and improving fertility in men. It showcases strong aphrodisiac properties that not only helps in reducing mental stress and anxiety but also stimulates the production of testosterone that increases libido. It not only increases virility and stamina in men but also improves the production of male hormones like testosterone and luteinizing hormone, thus promoting the motility and quality of sperms in male.
• Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome causes female infertility. It causes weight gain and increases levels of insulin in the body.
The excellent carminative and digestive properties of this incredible fruit make it a one-stop solution for all digestive woes. The anti-flatulent property reduces the formation of gas in the alimentary canal, thus reducing flatulence, constipation, bloating and abdominal distension. The antacid property of jamun extract prevents the formation of excessive acids in the stomach thereby treating indigestion, ulcer, gastritis and promoting better absorption of nutrients in the body
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